科名 Gesneriaceae 苦苣苔科
描述 Gesneriaceae 苦苣苔科,双子叶植物,约120属,2000种,分布于热带和亚热带地区,我国有38属,243种,产长江以南各省区,除供观赏外,其他用途不明。草本、灌木或稀为乔木,有时攀援状;叶基生或对生,单叶,等大或不等大;花两性,常左右对称,单生或为各式排列的聚伞花序;萼管状,5裂;花冠合瓣,多少2后形,上部偏斜,通常5裂;雄蕊着生于花冠上,通常4枚,2长2短,或其中2枚为退化雄蕊;子房上位或下位,1室或不完全的2-4室;胚珠多数,生于侧膜胎座上;果为蒴果,很少肉质,果瓣常旋卷。我国的主要属有:Aeschynanthus,Briggsia,Didissandra,Didymocarpus,Lysionotus,Oreocharis,Petrocosmea等等。
科号 恩格勒:241  哈钦松:256
分布量 世界:120属, 2000种;中国:43属,252种
引种状况 非引种
所有属 Beccarinda Kuntze Aeschynanthus Jack.Boea Comm.ex Lam.Boeica Clarke Bournea Oliv.Brachiostemon Hand. -Mazz.Briggsia Craib Ancylostemon Craib Cathayanthe Chun Ceratoscyphus ChunChirita Buch. -Ham.Chlamydoboea Stapf Conandron Sieb. et Zucc.Corallodiscus Batalin Cyrtandra J. R. et. G.Forst.Dasydesmus Craib Dichiloboea stapf Didissandra c. B. ClarkeLoxostigma C. B. ClarkeLysionotus D. DonMatsumuria Hemsl.Didymocarpus Wall.Epithema BI.Opithandra BurttOreocharis Benth.Ornithoboea Parish ex C. B. ClarkeOshimella Masamune et SuzukiPerantha CraibPetrocodon Hance Petrocosmea Oliv.Petrodoxa Anth.Phylloboea Benth.Hemiboea C. B. ClarkePlatystemma Wall.Primulina Hance Raphiocarpus ChunRhabdothamnopsis Hemsl.Isanthera NeesIsometrum Craib Rhynchoglossum Bl.Rhynchotechum Bl.Vaniotia Levl.Whytockia W. W. Sm.Sinoboea ChunSlackia Griff.Stauranthera Benth.Titanotrichum Solered.Tengia Chun Tremacron Craib Trichosporum D.Don Buxiphyllum W. T. Wang et C. Z. GaoChiritopsis W.T.Wang Deltocheilos W. T. WangGyrocheilos W.T.Wang Gyrogyne W.T.Wang ,